My favorite chapter of any knitting book is Chapter 2 of Elizabeth Zimmermann’s Knitting Without Tears. The chapter is called “Gauge: Required Reading” and it’s short and to the point.
I pulled the book off the shelf yesterday specifically to read just that chapter. I’m teaching a Learn to Knit class at my LYS and will be talking about gauge during Sunday’s class. The class is the second in a series of three. The first class we cast-on, knit and purled. When they come to class on Sunday the students will have a square piece of stockinette fabric. Hopefully.
Since I want to get the newbies to understand Gauge, I pulled out my bag of swatches to bring to class. I found this:
This is the first knitting I ever produced. I borrowed my friend’s Stitch & Bitch book and sat down with some heather gray Red Heart and size 8 needles that my sister gave me. I’m amazed that I still have this bit of knitting. But when Debbie Stoller tells you to hold onto it for posterity, you pretty much do what she says.
During my first two years of knitting, I never knit a gauge swatch. Or if I did it was a half-assed one. I knit them now because I like to; I collect them. Sometimes my gauge swatches are the beginning and end of a project. Sometimes they evolve into something more. And to be honest, I still don’t always knit a swatch. Really!
Here is a picture from May ’08. If you click on it you can see notes on each swatch. Since I took that picture, I have made many more swatches and found older ones, too.
So, back to knitting class on Sunday. I am struggling with how to approach the gauge issue with newbies. I agree with EZ when she says, “GAUGE is the most important principle in knitting.” I will teach the new knitters how to measure it, tell them what it means, and illustrate what might happen if they ignore the swatching process.
But I think the gauge part of knitting is something that you have to learn over time. You need one gloriously effed up project – hours and hours of knitting – to teach you that swatching is a step not to be ignored.
That’s about enough gauge talk, right? How about a free hat pattern?
I was going to call this pattern, written for the newbies, “How to Knit a Hat” but that was taken. So instead I named it Elementary. Knit in the round with worsted weight yarn, garter stitch brim, spiral-y decreases at the top.
You can get this one-page download for free on Ravelry. CLICK HERE!
P.S. Don’t forget to check your gauge before you begin: 20 sts = 4″ measured over stockinette stitch.